Bureau furniture: All you need to know about the flat table-style work surface


Bureau furniture: All you need to know about flat table-style work surface

Bureau, in the United States, a dresser; in Europe, a composing work area, typically with a pivoted composing fold that rests at a slanting point when shut and, when opened, uncovers a level of compartments, little drawers, and some of the time a little cabinet.

The bureau (French: “office”) first showed up in France toward the start of the seventeenth century as a level table with drawers underneath the top, the bureau plat. By Louis XIV’s rule, a kneehole type was being used, with a level of drawers on each side and a solitary cabinet in the middle over space for the knees.

In England, the bureau didn’t show up until after the finish of Charles II’s rule, and surprisingly then the term was poorly characterized.

As late as 1803 Thomas Sheraton expressed, in The Cabinet Dictionary, that it had “for the most part been applied to normal work areas with drawers under them, for example, are made much of the time in country towns.”


In the mid-eighteenth century one type of bureau comprised of a bank of drawers under an inclining composing fold, the entire piece laying on cabriole legs.

Numerous bureaus of this period and prior were overcome by a shelf with a couple of entryways, which were at times coated.

The Dutch rushed to duplicate this thought, and consequently the bureau-bookshelf, regularly fitted with a smart mix of drawers and compartments, spread to different pieces of Europe.

Around 1730, affected by Palladian engineering, the focal compartment of the huge bureau-cabinet was intended to project, while compartments along the edges framed wings.


In The Gentleman and Cabinetmaker’s Director (1754), Thomas Chippendale delineated bureau-shelves with Rococo and chinoiserie (Chinese-style) adornment, the upper segments coated inside lavish outlining.

Two types of bureau were utilized explicitly in rooms. One was joined with a highboy (a tall dresser with a legged base), one of the drawers pulling out, and the front bringing down to fill in as a composing surface. The other, a bureau-dressing table, was conquered by a mirror.

A work area or bureau is a household item with a level table-style work surface utilized in a school, office, home, or the like for scholarly, expert, or homegrown exercises like perusing, composing, or utilizing gear, for example, a computer.

Desks frequently have at least one drawers, compartments, or compartments to store things, for example, office supplies and papers.


Desks are generally made of wood or metal, in spite of the fact that materials, for example, glass are once in a while seen.

A few work areas have the type of a table, albeit typically just one side of a work area is appropriate to sit at (there are a few exemptions, for example, an accomplices desk), dissimilar to most normal tables.

A few work areas don’t have the type of a table, for example, an armoire desk is a work area worked inside a huge closet like a bureau, and a convenient desk is adequately light to be set on an individual’s lap.

Since many individuals incline toward a work area while utilizing it, a work area should be strong. As a rule, individuals sit at a work area, either on a different seat or an inherent seat (e.g., in some school work areas). Certain individuals utilize standing work areas to have the option to stand while utilizing them.



“Work area” started from the Modern Latin word desca “table to compose on”, from the mid-fourteenth century.[6] It is an adjustment of the Old Italian desco “table”, from Latin disk “dish” or “disc”.[2] The word work area has been utilized allegorically since 1797.

A work area may likewise be known as a bureau, counter, davenport, escritoire, platform, understanding stand, rolltop work area, school work area, work area, or composing desk.


Work area style furniture seems not to have been utilized in a traditional artifact or in other old habitats of educated development in the Middle East or the Far East, however, there is no particular verification.

Middle age outlines show the main household items which appear to have been planned and developed for perusing and composing. Before the innovation of the versatile kind print machine in the fifteenth century, any peruser was possibly an author or distributor or both, since any book or other report must be replicated manually.


The work areas were planned with openings and snares for bookmarks and for composing carries out. Since original copy volumes were at times huge and weighty, work areas of the period as a rule had huge structures.

Mechanical period

An office work area in a desk area, which shows the sharing of room between PC parts and paper archives.

Refinements to the principal work area structures were impressive through the nineteenth century, as steam-driven hardware made modest wood-mash paper conceivable towards the finish of the primary period of the Industrial Revolution.

This permitted an increment in the number of middle-class laborers. As these office laborers filled in number, work areas were mass-delivered for them in huge amounts, utilizing fresher, steam-driven carpentry apparatus.


This was the main sharp division in work area fabricating. From that point on, restricted amounts of finely created work areas have been kept on being developed by ace cabinetmakers for the homes and workplaces of the rich, while by far most of the work areas were collected quickly by untalented work from parts turned out in clumps by machine instruments.

Hence, age alone doesn’t ensure that an antique work area is a show-stopper since this split in quality occurred in excess of 100 years prior.

Steel variants

A little blast in office work and work area creation happened toward the finish of the nineteenth century and the start of the twentieth with the presentation of more modest and more affordable electrical presses[further clarification needed] and effective carbon paper combined with the overall acknowledgment of the typewriter.

Steelwork areas were acquainted with taking heavier heaps of paper and withstand the beating dispensed on the typewriters. This likewise brought about the “typewriter work area”, a stage, at times on haggles expandable surface through folds, that was worked to a particular stature to make composing simpler and more agreeable than when utilizing a norm or conventional work area. The L-formed work area additionally became famous, with the “leg” being utilized as an extension for the typewriter.


Impact of PCs

A work area in an office.

Until the last part of the 1980s, work areas stayed a spot for administrative work and “business machines”, yet the PC was grabbing hold in enormous and medium-sized organizations.

New office suites incorporated a “knee opening” bookshelf which was a spot for a terminal or PC and console plate. Before long, new office plans additionally included “U-shape” suites which added a scaffold worksurface between the back bookshelf and front work area.

During the North American downturn of the mid-1990s, numerous chiefs and leader laborers were needed to do word handling and different capacities were recently finished by composing pools and secretaries. This required a more focal situation of the PC on these “U-shape” suite work area frameworks.


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