King Charles I was born in Fife, Scotland, in 1600 and became king in 1625 following the death of his older brother Henry.
The new monarch favoured a High Anglican form of worship and his wife, Henrietta Maria of France, was Catholic.
After his succession, Charles quarrelled with Parliament, which sought to curb his royal prerogative.
The King believed in the divine right of kings and thought he could govern according to his own conscience. Many of his subjects opposed his policies, particularly the levying of taxes without parliamentary consent, and perceived his actions as those of a tyrannical monarch.
He went on to dissolve parliament three times from 1625 to 1629 and decided to rule alone.
This meant the king was left to try and raise funds by non-parliamentary means, which made him unpopular with the British public. He also tried to force a new prayer book on the country.
King Charles visited Bramsill House in 1630, while under pressure from his subjects following his repeated clashes with Parliament.
King Charles I (with his wife Queen Henrietta Maria) was born in Fife, Scotland, and became king when he was 24 years old
The King, on January 4, 1642, tried personally to arrest five MPs for treason. he entered the Commons accompanied by armed men and the Speaker of the time, William Lenthal, vacated the chair for the monarch.
However, he refused to give up the MPs and famously remarked ‘May it please your majesty, I have neither eyes to see not tongue to speak in this place, but as the House is pleased to direct me, whose servant I am here’.
The MPs fled, Charles declared ‘all my birds have flown’, and he retreated. He was to be the last monarch to ever enter the chamber.
The result, was the outbreak of civil war after more than 150 years.
In 1646 the Royalists were defeated and Charles subsequently surrendered to the Scots and he later escaped to the Isle of Wight a year later.
Charles was put on trial for treason by a number of MPs, including Parliamentarian general Oliver Cromwell.
He was convicted and later executed outside the Banqueting House on Whitehall in London.