South African icon, Desmond Tutu died on Sunday at the age of 90.
Below are ten things to know about the anti-apartheid icon:
- He was born October 7, 1931, in Klerksdorp, west of Johannesburg.
- Tutu initially trained as a teacher but he began studying theology after having taught at a high school for three years and was ordained as a priest in 1960.
- Tutu coined and popularised the term “Rainbow Nation” to describe South Africa when Mandela became president.
- Desmond Tutu won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984 for combatting white minority rule in South Africa.
- He was the first black Archbishop of Cape Town and bishop of the Church of the Province of Southern Africa (now the Anglican Church of Southern Africa).
- After the fall of apartheid, Tutu headed the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
- Other international accolades he received include the Albert Schweitzer Prize for Humanitarianism in 1986; the Pacem in Terris Award in 1987; the Sydney Peace Prize in 1999; the Gandhi Peace Prize in 2007; and the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2009.
- He retired as Archbishop of Cape Town in 1996 and was made emeritus Archbishop of Cape Town, an honorary title that is unusual in the Anglican church.
- In 1997, Tutu was diagnosed with prostate cancer and had undergone repeated treatment.
- Tutu is survived by his wife Leah and their marriage was blessed with four children.