Picture of slave-owning lieutenant-general Sir Thomas Picton who was most senior British officer to die at Waterloo is removed from Welsh national museum
- Portrait won’t be displayed again until after a £12,000 ‘reinterpretation’ project
- Known as ‘Tyrant of Trinidad’ and executed dozens of slaves as island’s governor
- National Museum Wales says commissions will retell life from other perspectives
A picture of a slave owner who was the most senior British officer to die at the Battle of Waterloo has been removed from the Welsh national museum.
The ‘heroic’ portrait of lieutenant general Sir Thomas Picton will not be displayed again until a group of artists have completed a £12,000 commission to ‘reinterpret’ it.
The work has hung at the museum in Cardiff 100 years, but in recent years there has been growing scrutiny of Picton’s legacy following the growth of the Black Lives Matter movement.
The ‘heroic’ portrait of lieutenant general Sir Thomas Picton (right) will not be displayed again at the Welsh national museum until it is ‘reinterpreted’). Pictured left: A statue of the slave owner that was removed from Cardiff city hall last year
The work has hung at the museum in Cardiff 100 years, but in recent years there has been growing scrutiny of Picton’s legacy following the growth of the Black Lives Matter movement
Despite being a war hero, the Welshman was also known as the ‘Tyrant of Trinidad’ and executed dozens of slaves while serving as the island’s governor.
The National Museum Wales says new commissions will retell the story of Picton from the perspectives of the lives he affected.
Sir Thomas Picton: ‘Tyrant of Trinidad’ whose last words were ‘Charge!’
Thomas Picton was born on August 24, 1758, in Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire, Wales.
He became the highest-ranking British Army officer killed at the Battle of Waterloo, shot through the temple while leading a bayonet charge against the enemy.
His last words were reported to be ‘Charge! Charge! Hurrah! Hurrah!’.
The Duke of Wellington called him ‘a rough foul-mouthed devil as ever lived’, but described him as capable.
A memorial to him was erected at St Paul’s Cathedral while former prime minister David Lloyd George described him as one of the ‘Heroes of Wales’ in 1916.
But he first came to the attention of the British public for his alleged cruelty during his governorship of Trinidad, where his motto was ‘let them hate so long as they fear’
Picton was accused of the execution of a dozen slaves while historians claimed others were tortured and mutilated under his watch.
He was known to have used the slave trade to build up his considerable fortune and in 1806 was also found guilty of torturing Luisa Calderon, a 14-year-old mixed-race girl, during his rule of the Caribbean island.
He tendered his resignation after an investigation reported some of the cruelty allegations against him.
The Privy Council later tried him on the allegations of cruelty.
He was at first found guilty of unlawful torture to extract a confession of Luisa Calderon, but was later cleared at a retrial. Picton successfully argued that arguing that Trinidad was subject to Spanish law, which permitted the use of torture.
Museum director of collections, Kath Davies, said: ‘We’ve always recognised that Picton’s history is difficult, it’s complex, it’s controversial and we wanted to work with the young people for them to decide how they wanted to reflect on that history and how they want to interpret that portrait.
‘The work of the artists will go on display in August next year because it’s the Trinidadian day of independence.
‘We’ll be working on the interpretation of Picton with the young people over the next few weeks.’
The future of the painting will be determined by the Sub Sahara Advisory Panel, whose director Fadhili Maghiya welcomed its removal.
He said: ‘It’s almost like a new era in some ways, especially looking at who he was, what he stood for, what he did.
‘It does bring a new chapter in terms of conversations about race, diversity, inclusiveness.’
Picton was born on August 24, 1758 in Haverfordwest, west Wales, and remains the only Welshman to be buried at St Paul’s Cathedral following his death at Waterloo in 1815.
His portrait will be replaced by ‘Hedger and Ditcher: Portrait of William Lloyd’, painted by Albert Houthuesen, a Dutch artist who became fascinated with the working life of the colliers in Trelogan, Flintshire, whilst on holiday in the area with his wife in the 1930s.
In July 2020 councillors voted to remove a statue of Picton in Cardiff City Hall amid a Welsh government probe into offensive statues.
Councillors said the statue was an ‘affront’ to black people in Cardiff and ‘no longer acceptable’.
But last December counsellors in Carmarthen voted against removing or renaming a monument to the local hero.
The memorial has stood in Picton Terrace in the south-western town since 1888.
Reacting to demonstrations sparked by the killing of George Floyd in the US in May, Carmarthenshire Council set up a taskforce to review matters relating to racial inequality.
Its remit included the ‘interpretation and history of Sir Thomas Picton and the monument in Carmarthen’.
However, a majority of locals voted to keep the statue, arguing ‘you cannot change or erase history’ and calling the monument ‘recognition’ of a Carmarthen hero who helped save Britain from Napoleon.
In July 2020 councillors voted to remove a statue of Picton in Cardiff City Hall (left) amid a Welsh government probe into offensive statues. But last December counsellors in Carmarthen voted against removing or renaming a monument to the local hero (right)
Some of the more than 200 statues, roads and buildings iin Wales identified as bearing the names of famous Britons ‘linked to the slave trade’